Renewable Electricity Generation Capacity in Germany

Renewable Electricity Generation Capacity in Germany

Whereas in 1990 only hydroelectric power achieved a significant output in Germany, wind power and photovoltaics dominate today. For some time now, the output of renewable power plants has been significantly greater than that of fossil power plants. To achieve Germany's climate protection goals, however, the build-up must be significantly increased in the coming years.

The installed capacity of renewable power plants has increased very fast during the last years in Germany. Since 2000 wind power has the highest installed power belong renewables. Photovoltaic power came on the first place in 2012 and 2013. In 2014 wind power got the leading position back due to bad supporting schemes for photovoltaic systems by the German government.

The installed power of biomass and hydro power systems is much lower. However, since these power plants usually reach much more full load hours the distance at the power generation is lower. The high installation figures for renewable power has also increased the total installed power capacity in Germany. About half of the installed power in Germany is already renewable. Nuclear power stations will decommission due to the nuclear phase out within the next years. Coal power plants will follow for climate protection. Hence, the renewable power share has already reached more than 50 percent.<

Renewable Electricity Generation Capacity in Germany
Installed capacity of renewable electricity generation in Germany
Renewable Electricity Generation Capacity in Germany in GW
Year Hydro power 1Onshore wind Offshore wind
2019S8,549,20,04
20188,4145,450,042
20177,9942,490,038
20167,6840,720,038
20157,4739,220,034
20147,2637,900,033
20137,0436,710,03
20126,7534,080,019
20116,4225,920,008
20105,4618,010,008
20094,8710,570,008
20083,696,120,003
20073,394,170,003
20063,012,900,0002
20052,352,060,0002
20041,691,110,0002
20031,430,440
20021,030,320
20010,830,210
20000,700,090
19990,550,030
19980,460,0220
19970,300,0160
19960,260,0100
19950,230,0070
19940,210,0060
19930,170,0040
19920,140,0030
19910,140,0020
19900,130,0020
Renewable Electricity Generation Capacity in Germany in GW
Year Biomass 2Photo­voltaics Geo­thermal
2019S8.5490.04
20188.4145.280.042
20177.9942.340.038
20167.6840.680.038
20157.4739.220.034
20147.2637.900.033
20137.0436.710.03
20126.7534.080.019
20117.2625.430.01
20106.6117.940.01
20096.0010.570.01
20085.276.120.002
20074.724.170.002
20064.282.900.0002
20053.532.060.0002
20042.631.110.0002
20032.330.440
20021.620.300
20011.410.180
20001.290.110
19991.100.070
19981.000.0540
19970.830.0420
19960.810.0280
19950.740.0180
19940.710.0120
19930.740.0090
19920.690.0060
19910.690.0020
19900.680.0020
Renewable Electricity Generation Capacity in Germany in GW
YearTotal renewableGross capacityRenewables share
2019
2018118.3
2017111.7
2016103.4
201596.9
201493.1
201385.0189.444.9%
201277.6184.742.0%
201167.4175.138.5%
201057.1170.833.5%
200947.6157.630.2%
200840.4151.326.7%
200736.2145.025.0%
200632.9140.223.5%
200529.2136.921.3%
200425.5134.519.0%
200322.3129.117.3%
200218.8127.214.8%
200115.2128.211.8%
200012.3125.59.8%
199910.2122.18.3%
19988.3121.06.9%
19977.3122.25.9%
19966.7123.15.4%
19956.2124.05.0%
19945.5122.44.5%
19935.2122.14.3%
19924.9123.24.0%
19914.8126.13.8%
19904.7125.93.7%

sources: BMWi, AGEB, AGEEstat, IEA-PVPS

S prilimary data

1 Hydroelectricity: incl. pumped storage with natural influx

2 biomass incl. waste


© 12/2019 Volker Quaschning

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